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Ayushman Bharat


The Ayushman Bharat scheme is a national public health insurance program that was launched by the government of India in September 2018. Citizens with low-income qualify for the program. The program covers 5 lakh rupees or around 6,600 US dollars of medical expenditure for each family that qualifies. As it covers 500 million people, it is the world's largest government-sponsored healthcare program. The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) employs advanced IT solutions in managing and delivering expanded healthcare services.

National Health Mission


The National Health Mission is a program that was launched by the Indian government in 2005. It joined the National Rural Health Mission with the then-newly created National Urban Health Mission. Successive governments have greatly expanded the program's funding and emphasis on primary health care. There are many initiatives that fall under the National Health Mission such as Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAS) who are women trained to act as health educators in their communities and Janani Suraksha Yojana which aims to promote institutional delivery among poor pregnant women.

Corporate Social Responsibilty


India legally mandates corporate social responsibility. Section 135 of India’s Companies Act makes it mandatory for companies with a certain turnover to spend 2% of their average net profit for the past three years on CSR.


Health Statistics

  • 11.94% of all maternal deaths - highest in the world

  • 18% of all infant mortality - highest in the world

  • 36.6 out of 1000 are dead by age 5

  • 62% of children are immunized

  • 53% of all deaths communicable diseases due to poor hygiene and sanitation

Public Health System

  • Committed Government

  • Crores Spent (B$) GDP

  • Robust Policy (Primary/Secondary/Tertiary)

  • Medicare Support for Private Hospitals

  • Insurance Co.

  • Good Technology

  • Inexpensive Drugs

  • PPP Policy

  • Quality Doctors & Nurses

Hospital Corridors
Patient Queue in the Hallway

Public Health System Weaknesses

  • 27% of doctor positions at PHC’s vacant

  • 10.4%of auxiliary nurse midwives vacant

  • 40.7% of male healthcare workers vacant

  • Many PHC’s lack basic infrastructure

  • beds, wards, toilets, drinking water

  • Staff are not trained in healthcare economics


  • In 2010-25% of India’s population had some insurance

  • India has the most private healthcare in the world

  • Only 20% of healthcare is financed publicly

  • In 2007 India ranked 184 out of 191 countries

  • Public spending is 0.9-1.2% of GDP

  • 40% of hospitalized patients are pushed into lifelong debt or BPL

  • 23% of patients cannot afford treatment

  • 63% lack access to regular necessary meds

  • 40% of people sell assets of borrow to pay for hospitalization

A presentation at the office
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